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ATC Group: A06AD Osmotically acting laxatives

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Hierarchical Position

Level
Code
Title
1
A
Alimentary tract and metabolism
2
A06
Laxatives
3
A06A
Laxatives
4
A06AD
Osmotically acting laxatives

Contents

Code
Title
A06AD01
Magnesium carbonate
A06AD02
Magnesium oxide
A06AD03
Magnesium peroxide
A06AD04
Magnesium sulfate
A06AD10
Mineral salts in combination
A06AD11
Lactulose
A06AD12
Lactitol
A06AD13
Sodium sulfate
A06AD14
Pentaerithrityl
A06AD15
Macrogol
A06AD16
Mannitol
A06AD17
Sodium phosphate
A06AD18
Sorbitol
A06AD19
Magnesium citrate
A06AD21
Sodium tartrate
A06AD61
Lactulose, combinations
A06AD65
Macrogol, combinations

Active Ingredients

Chemical substance
Description
Disodium phosphate dodecahydrate
Lactitol

Lactitol is a sugar alcohol used as a replacement bulk sweetener for low calorie foods with approximately 40% of the sweetness of sugar. Lactitol also promotes colon health as a prebiotic. Lactitol is a laxative and is used to prevent or treat constipation.

Lactulose

Lactulose is a synthetic disaccharide which is metabolised by gastro-intestinal bacterial flora to low molecular weight acids (chiefly lactic and acetic acids). There is no endogenous metabolising enzyme in the human gut. Its mode of action in constipation is as an osmotic agent producing soft stools.

Macrogol

High molecular weight (4000) macrogols are long linear polymers which retain water molecules by means of hydrogen bonds. When administered by the oral route, they lead to an increase in volume of intestinal fluids.

Magnesium carbonate

Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3 (archaic name magnesia alba), is an inorganic salt. The most common magnesium carbonate forms are the anhydrous salt called magnesite (MgCO3) and the di, tri, and pentahydrates known as barringtonite (MgCO3·2 H2O), nesquehonite (MgCO3·3 H2O), and lansfordite (MgCO3·5 H2O), respectively. The primary use of magnesium carbonate is the production of magnesium oxide by calcining.

Magnesium citrate
Magnesium oxide

Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is an empirical formula of MgO and consists of a lattice of Mg2+ ions and O2− ions held together by ionic bonding.

Magnesium sulfate

Magnesium sulfate is a saline purgative. It can be employed locally in various inflammatory conditions, due to its osmotic action.

Mannitol

Mannitol is a naturally occurring sugar alcohol used clinically primarily for its osmotic diuretic properties.

Sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate
Sodium phosphate
Disodium phosphate
Monosodium phosphate
Sodium sulfate
Sodium tartrate
Sorbitol