Also known as: Amphetamine

Active ingredient description

Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Amphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is equal parts of the two enantiomers, levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, in their pure amine forms. Historically, it has been used to treat nasal congestion and depression. Amphetamine is also used as an athletic performance enhancer and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant.

Medicine classification

This medicinal substance has been classified in the anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification according to its main therapeutic use as follows:

ATC code
Group title
N Nervous system → N06 Psychoanaleptics → N06B Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropics → N06BA Centrally acting sympathomimetics
Discover more medicines within N06BA01


Amfetamine is the active ingredient of these drugs:


United States

United States

United States

Amfetamine is also found within below combination drugs:


Structural formula

Graphic representation of the active ingredient's molecular structure

Chemical formula: C₉H₁₃N
Molecular mass: 135.206 g/mol

External identifiers

CAS Substance: 300-62-9
DrugBank Drug: DB00182
KEGG Drug: D07445
PubChem Compound: 3007
RxNorm Ingredient: 725
SNOMED-CT Concept: 373338002
Amphetamine (substance)
SNOMED-CT Concept: 703842006
Amfetamine (substance)
UNII Identifier: CK833KGX7E