Avacopan is a selective antagonist of the human complement 5a receptor (C5aR1 or CD88) and competitively inhibits the interaction between C5aR1 and the anaphylatoxin C5a. The specific and selective blockade of C5aR1 by avacopan reduces the pro-inflammatory effects of C5a, which include neutrophil activation, migration, and adherence to sites of small blood vessel inflammation, vascular endothelial cell retraction and permeability.
Avacopan is the active ingredient of these drugs:
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Medicine agencies around the world have authorized marketing of this active ingredient according to these medication package inserts (MPIs):