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ATC Group: A09AB04 Citric acid

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Hierarchical Position

Level
Code
Title
1
A
Alimentary tract and metabolism
2
A09
Digestives, incl. enzymes
3
A09A
Digestives, incl. enzymes
4
A09AB
Acid preparations
5
A09AB04
Citric acid

Active Ingredients

Chemical substance
Description
Citric acid

Potassium citrate is indicated for the management of renal tubular acidosis with calcium stones, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis of any etiology, uric acid lithiasis with or without calcium stones. When potassium citrate is given orally, the metabolism of absorbed citrate produces an alkaline load. The induced alkaline load in turn increases urinary pH and raises urinary citrate by augmenting citrate clearance without measurably altering ultrafilterable serum citrate. Thus, potassium citrate therapy appears to increase urinary citrate principally by modifying the renal handling of citrate, rather than by increasing the filtered load of citrate.