Apremilast, an oral small-molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), works intracellularly to modulate a network of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators. PDE4 is a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-specific PDE and the dominant PDE in inflammatory cells.
This medicinal substance has been classified in the anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification according to its main therapeutic use as follows:
Competent medicine agencies globally have authorized commercialization of this active ingredient according to these medication package inserts (MPIs):
Apremilast is an active ingredient of these brands:
While we strive to include the brand names of medicines across all countries, our index remains incomplete. Therefore, it is possible that this medicine may also be marketed under different names in other countries.