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Calcium chloride

Therapeutic Indications

Calcium chloride is indicated for:

Hypocalcaemia, calcium deficiency

Irrespective of gender only Adults (18 years old or older)

Calcium chloride is used for the treatment of hypocalcaemia and of calcium deficiency states (a decrease in plasma-calcium concentration below the normal range of 2.15-2.60 mmol/L) as a result of impaired or reduced absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, increased deposition in bone, or to excessive losses, for instance during lactation.

For this indication, the medical literature mentions below treatments (click for details):

Treatment 1: Intravenous - 300-700 mg

Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation

Irrespective of gender only Adults (18 years old or older)

Calcium chloride is indicated for use in Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation where there is also hyperkalaemia or hypocalcaemia or calcium channel block toxicity.

For this indication, the medical literature mentions below treatments (click for details):

Treatment 1: Intravenous - 1000 mg

Treatment 2: Intraventricular - 200-400 mg once

Contraindications

Active ingredient Calcium chloride is contraindicated in the following cases:

Cardiac glycosides

No gender/age discrimination

Parenteral calcium therapy is contraindicated in patients receiving cardiac glycosides, because calcium enhances the effects of digitalis glycosides on the heart and may precipitate digitalis intoxication.

Asystole, electromechanical dissociation

No gender/age discrimination

The treatment of asystole and electromechanical dissociation.

Hypercalcaemia, hypercalcuria, elevated vitamin D levels, renal calculi

No gender/age discrimination

Calcium chloride is also contraindicated in those patients with conditions associated with hypercalcaemia and hypercalcuria (e.g. some forms of malignant disease) or in those with conditions associated with elevated vitamin D levels (e.g. sarcoidosis) or in those with renal calculi or a history of calcium renal calculi.

Ventricular fibrillation

No gender/age discrimination