Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, and is an essential body electrolyte. Homeostasis is mainly regulated by the parathyroid hormone, by calcitonin, and by the activated form of vitamin D. Calcium is a structural component of bones and teeth. It is also required for blood clotting, neurotransmitter release, muscle contraction and normal heartbeat.
Magnesium sulfate is a saline purgative. It can be employed locally in various inflammatory conditions, due to its osmotic action.
Potassium plays a vital physiological role in maintenance of normal electrical excitability of nerve and muscle. It is also important in the genesis and correction of imbalances of acid-base metabolism.
Potassium is the principle cation in intracellular fluid. It is involved with carbohydrate metabolism, glycogen storage and protein synthesis. It is involved with transmembrane potential and profound effects on muscle. Phosphorus has many important biochemical functions in the body and is involved in many significant metabolic and enzyme reactions in almost all organs and tissues.
Sodium bicarbonate has antacid properties. Sodium bicarbonate causes neutralisation of gastric acid with the production of carbon dioxide.
Sodium chloride is the principle salt involved in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. Changes in osmotic tension influence the movement of fluids and diffusion of salts in cellular tissue.
Trometamol acts as a proton acceptor and prevents or corrects acidosis by actively binding hydrogen ions (H+). Tromethamine also acts as an osmotic diuretic, increasing urine flow, urinary pH, and excretion of fixed acids, carbon dioxide and electrolytes. It is used for the prevention and correction of metabolic acidosis.