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ATC Group: A01AC Corticosteroids for local oral treatment

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Hierarchical Position

Level
Code
Title
1
A
Alimentary tract and metabolism
2
A01
Stomatological preparations
3
A01A
Stomatological preparations
4
A01AC
Corticosteroids for local oral treatment

Contents

Code
Title
A01AC01
Triamcinolone
A01AC02
Dexamethasone
A01AC03
Hydrocortisone
A01AC54
Prednisolone, combinations

Active Ingredients

Chemical substance
Description
Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid; it combines high anti-inflammatory effects with low mineralocorticoid activity. It has an approximately 7 times greater anti-inflammatory potency than prednisolone, another commonly prescribed corticosteroid. At high doses it reduces the immune response.

Cortisol

Hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Hydrocortisone is an anti-inflammatory steroid. Its anti-inflammatory action is due to reduction in the vascular component of the inflammatory response and reduction in the formation of inflammatory fluid and cellular exudates.

Triamcinolone

Triamcinolone acetonide is a more potent derivative of triamcinolone and is approximately 8 times more potent than prednisone. Although the precise mechanism of corticosteroid anti-allergic action is unknown, corticosteroids are very effective in the treatment of allergic diseases in man. Also, local injections are thought to have an anti-inflammatory effect.