Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
Dexibuprofen (= S(+)-ibuprofen) is considered to be the pharmacologically active enantiomer of racemic ibuprofen. Racemic ibuprofen is a non-steroidal substance with antiinflammatory and analgesic effects. Its mechanism of action is thought to be due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis.
Dexketoprofen belongs to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory group of drugs. The mechanism of action of Dexketoprofen is related to the reduction of prostaglandin synthesis by the inhibition of cyclooxygenase pathway. Furthermore, the inhibition of the synthesis of prostaglandins could affect other inflammation mediators such as kinins, causing an indirect action which would be additional to the direct action.
Fernoprofen has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis. Its mode of action may be due to a decrease of prostaglandins in peripheral tissues.
Flurbiprofen is a propionic acid derivative NSAID which acts through inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In humans flurbiprofen has potent analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Ibuprofen is a propionic acid derivative NSAID that has demonstrated its efficacy by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In humans ibuprofen reduces inflammatory pain, swellings and fever. Furthermore, ibuprofen reversibly inhibits platelet aggregation.
Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic actions.
Naproxen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic compound with antipyretic properties as has been demonstrated in classical animal test systems. Naproxen exhibits its anti-inflammatory effect even in adrenalectomised animals, indicating that its action is not mediated through the pituitary-adrenal axis.
Oxaprozin has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. The mechanism of action of oxaprozin, like that of other NSAIDs, is not completely understood but involves inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2).
Tiaprofenic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug employed in the treatment of pain, especially arthritic pain. Results of in-vitro experiments and ex-vivo studies suggest a neutral or possibly beneficial effect of tiaprofenic acid on joint cartilage under experimental conditions.