ATC Group: M03B Muscle relaxants, centrally acting agents

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Hierarchical position in ATC classification

Level
Code
Title
1
Musculo-skeletal system
2
Muscle relaxants
3
M03B
Muscle relaxants, centrally acting agents

ATC group contents

Code
Title
Carbamic acid esters
Oxazol, thiazine, and triazine derivatives
Ethers, chemically close to antihistamines
Other centrally acting agents

Active ingredients

Active Ingredient
Description

Baclofen is an antispastic agent acting at the spinal level. A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative, chemically unrelated to other antispastic agents.

Carisoprodol is a centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant whose mechanism of action is not completely understood but may be related to its sedative actions. Carisoprodol is indicated for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions in adults. Most common adverse reactions (incidence > 2%) are drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. Carisoprodol might be mixtured with Aspirin and Codeine Phosphate.

Chlorzoxazone is a centrally-acting agent for painful musculoskeletal conditions. Data available from animal experiments as well as human study indicate that chlorzoxazone acts primarily at the level of the spinal cord and subcortical areas of the brain where it inhibits multisynaptic reflex arcs involved in producing and maintaining skeletal muscle spasm of varied etiology.

Cyclobenzaprine relieves skeletal muscle spasm of local origin without interfering with muscle function. Cyclobenzaprine has not been shown to be effective in muscle spasm due to central nervous system disease.

Eperisone is an antispastic agent used for treatment of diseases characterized by muscle stiffness and pain.

Methocarbamol is a centrally acting muscle relaxant. Its muscle relaxing action is the result of the inhibition of polysynaptic reflexes in the spinal marrow and subcortical centres.

Orphenadrine citrate is the citrate salt of orphenadrine. The mode of therapeutic action has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its analgesic properties. Orphenadrine citrate does not directly relax tense skeletal muscles in man.

Pridinol is a piperidin- polyalcohol derivative with the chemical formula 1,1-Diphenyl-1-ol-3-piperidin-propan-methanesulfonate. Its pharmacological effect develops via an atropine-like mechanism that acts on both smooth and the striated muscles. This effect is used for the treatment of skeletal muscle tension of both central and peripheral origin.

Thiocolchicoside is a semisynthetic sulphide derivative of colchicoside, showing muscle relaxant pharmacological activity. In vitro thiocolchicoside binds solely with gaba receptors and glycinergic stricnine sensitive.Tivozanib

Tizanidine is a centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant. Polysynaptic signal transmission at spinal interneuron level, which is responsible for excessive muscle tone, is inhibited and muscle tone reduced.

As a skeletal muscle relaxant whose prototype is mephenesine, tolperisone induces ataxia and muscle weakness in animal models by acting on the central nervous system at the spinal level. In fact it inhibits polysynaptic and monosynaptic reflexes with little action on non-reflex muscle response and without potentiating the phenobarbital sleep.

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