Indications A-Z

RxReasoner presents a comprehensive list of pharmaceutical treatment indications drawn from medicine package inserts issued by authoritative regulatory bodies globally.

This index serves as a valuable tool to quickly access information on the recommended therapeutic approaches for different medical conditions, diseases or symptoms.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Indications starting with 'I'

Indication Treatments
Iatrogenic hypotension
Phenylephrine : Hypotension – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Phenylephrine : Hypotension – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Idiopathic edema
Triamterene : Idiopathic edema – only adults (18 years old or older)
Idiopathic female infertility
Progesterone : Infertility due to tubal, idiopathic or endometriosis linked sterility – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Idiopathic generalized epilepsy
Levetiracetam : Partial onset seizures, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, idiopathic generalised epilepsy – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Levetiracetam : Partial onset seizures, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, idiopathic generalised epilepsy – only minors (0 - 18 years old)
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
Epoprostenol : Idiopathic or heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) – only adults (18 years old or older)
Riociguat : Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) – only adults (18 years old or older)
Idiopathic sideroblastic anemia
Pyridoxine : Idiopathic sideroblastic anaemia – only adults (18 years old or older)
Ileostomy present
Methylcellulose : Colostomy, ileostomy, diarrhoea – only adults (18 years old or older)
Imaging of artery of extremity
Iodixanol : Peripheral arteriography – only adults (18 years old or older)
Iopromide : Arteriography of extremities – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Impaired left ventricular function
Bisoprolol : Stable chronic heart failure with reduced systolic ventricular function – only adults (18 years old or older)
Dobutamine : Cardiac decompensation, disturbed ventricular function – only minors (0 - 18 years old)
Dobutamine : Cardiac decompensation, disturbed ventricular function – only adults (18 years old or older)
Impetigo
Retapamulin : Impetigo – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Incised wound
Chlorhexidine : Burns, scalds, scratches, cuts, abrasions, sunburn blisters, infected cracked skin – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Incomplete induced termination of pregnancy
Oxytocin : Incomplete abortion, inevitable abortion, missed abortion – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Incontinence due to detrusor instability
Botulinum toxin type A : Urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity – only adults (18 years old or older)
Increased frequency of urination
Oxybutinin : Urge incontinence, increased urinary frequency – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Oxybutinin : Urge incontinence, increased urinary frequency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Tolterodine : Urge incontinence, increased urinary frequency, increased urinary urgency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Indigestion
Famotidine : Indigestion – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Magnesium hydroxide : Stomach discomfort, indigestion, hyperacidity, heartburn, flatulence – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Magnesium hydroxide : Stomach discomfort, indigestion, hyperacidity, heartburn, flatulence – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ranitidine : Chronic episodic dyspepsia – only adults (18 years old or older)
Induced abortion
Misoprostol : Pregnancy termination – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Induction of general anesthesia
Desflurane : Induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia – only adults (18 years old or older)
Etomidate : Induction of general anaesthesia – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Etomidate : Induction of general anaesthesia – only elderly (65 years old or older)
Etomidate : Induction of general anaesthesia – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Isoflurane : Induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia – only adults (18 years old or older)
Ketamine : Induction of general anesthesia, maintenance of general anesthesia – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Midazolam : Induction of anaesthesia – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Midazolam : Induction of anaesthesia – only elderly (65 years old or older)
Midazolam : Induction of anaesthesia – only adults (18 years old or older)
Sevoflurane : Induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia – only minors (0 - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Induction of minimal sedation
Dexmedetomidine : Sedation level not deeper than arousal in response to verbal stimulation – only adults (18 years old or older)
Induction of neuromuscular blockade
Cisatracurium : Tracheal Intubation – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Induratio penis plastica
Collagenase : Peyronie's disease – only adults (18 years old or older)
Inevitable abortion
Oxytocin : Incomplete abortion, inevitable abortion, missed abortion – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Infantile haemangioma of rare localisation
Propranolol : Proliferating infantile haemangioma – only newborns (0 - 40 days old) , infants (40 days - 1 year old)
Infantile malignant osteopetrosis
Interferon gamma-1b : Severe malignant osteopetrosis – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Infantile spasm
Prednisolone : Infantile spasms – only infants (40 days - 1 year old)
Infection by Scedosporium boydii
Voriconazole : Serious fungal infections caused by Scedosporium spp. and Fusarium spp – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Voriconazole : Serious fungal infections caused by Scedosporium spp. and Fusarium spp – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Infection by Wuchereria bancrofti
Ivermectin : Lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Infection caused by Helicobacter pylori
Urea ¹³C : Diagnosis of gastroduodenal Helicobacter pylori infection – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Infection due to Burkholderia pseudomallei
Doxycycline : Melioidosis – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Doxycycline : Melioidosis – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Infection mouth
Benzoxonium : Mouth and throat infections – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Benzoxonium : Mouth and throat infections – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Hexetidine : Mouth infections, gingivitis, sore throat, aphthous ulcer, halitosis, dental surgery – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only adults (18 years old or older)
Infection of cervix caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
Doxycycline : Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Tetracycline : Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Infection of skin
Chlorhexidine : Burns, scalds, scratches, cuts, abrasions, sunburn blisters, infected cracked skin – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only adults (18 years old or older)
Infectious disease
Minocycline : Pre-operative and post-operative prophylaxis of infection – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Minocycline : Pre-operative and post-operative prophylaxis of infection – only adults (18 years old or older)
Infective cystitis
Levofloxacin : Infective cystitis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Infective pharyngitis
Benzoxonium : Mouth and throat infections – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Benzoxonium : Mouth and throat infections – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Hexetidine : Mouth infections, gingivitis, sore throat, aphthous ulcer, halitosis, dental surgery – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Sultamicillin : Infections caused by susceptible microorganisms – only adults (18 years old or older)
Infestation by Phthirus pubis
Permethrin : Scabies, crab lice – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Phenothrin : Scabies, crab lice – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Inflammatory acne
Nicotinic acid : Mild to moderate inflammatory acne vulgaris – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Inflammatory disorder of breast
Serrapeptase : Inflammatory disorder of breast – only adults (18 years old or older)
Influenza
Baloxavir marboxil : Influenza – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Baloxavir marboxil : Post-exposure prophylaxis of influenza – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Oseltamivir : Influenza – only infants (40 days - 1 year old)
Oseltamivir : Influenza – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Oseltamivir : Influenza – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Oseltamivir : Prevention of influenza – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Oseltamivir : Prevention of influenza – only infants (40 days - 1 year old)
Oseltamivir : Prevention of influenza – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Zanamivir : Influenza – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 - 65 years old)
Zanamivir : Prevention of influenza – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 - 65 years old)
Influenza A (H1N1)
Favipiravir : Influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H5N1, H7N9 – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Influenza caused by Influenza A virus subtype H5N1
Favipiravir : Influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H5N1, H7N9 – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Influenza caused by Influenza A virus subtype H7N9
Favipiravir : Influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H5N1, H7N9 – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Infraorbital nerve block
Chloroprocaine : Infraorbital block – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Infrequent periods
Bromocriptine : Amenorrhoea and oligomenorrhoea, with or without galactorrhoea – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Inhalation general anaesthesia
Oxygen : Inhalation general anesthesia
Inhibition of gastric motility
Glucagon : Motility inhibition of the gastrointestinal tract – only adults (18 years old or older)
Inhibition of lactation procedure
Cabergoline : Inhibition of physiological lactation – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Cabergoline : Suppression of physiological lactation – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Injection of anaesthetic substance, diagnostic, subarachnoid, continuous
Lidocaine : Injection of anesthetic substance, diagnostic, subarachnoid – only adults (18 years old or older)
Injection of anesthetic agent into brachial plexus
Chloroprocaine : Brachial plexus block – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Injection of anesthetic agent into sciatic nerve
Chloroprocaine : Sciatic block – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Injury of musculoskeletal system
Piroxicam : Osteoarthritis of superficial joints, acute musculoskeletal injuries, periarthritis, epicondylitis, tendinitis, tenosynovitis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Insect bite
Dexchlorpheniramine : Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, urticaria, angioedema
Mepyramine : Insect stings, insect bites, nettle stings – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Mequitazine : Hay fever, perennial rhinitis, urticaria, allergic pruritis, insect bites, stings – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 - 65 years old)
Insect bite reaction
Betamethasone : Insect bite reactions – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Clobetasone : Otitis externa, prurigo nodularis, insect bite reactions – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Hydrocortisone : Irritant dermatitis, contact allergic dermatitis, insect bite reactions, mild to moderate eczema – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Insect sting
Mepyramine : Insect stings, insect bites, nettle stings – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Mequitazine : Hay fever, perennial rhinitis, urticaria, allergic pruritis, insect bites, stings – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 - 65 years old)
Insertion of tube into duodenum
Metoclopramide : Duodenal intubation – only adults (18 years old or older)
Insomnia disorder related to another mental disorder
Diazepam : Insomnia associated with anxiety – only elderly (65 years old or older)
Diazepam : Insomnia associated with anxiety – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Instability of bladder
Botulinum toxin type A : Overactive bladder – only adults (18 years old or older)
Darifenacin : Overactive bladder syndrome – only adults (18 years old or older)
Fesoterodine : Overactive bladder syndrome – only adults (18 years old or older)
Mirabegron : Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) – only adults (18 years old or older)
Propiverine : Overactive bladder syndrome, neurogenic detrusor overactivity – only adults (18 years old or older)
Solifenacin : Overactive bladder – only adults (18 years old or older)
Tolterodine : Urge incontinence, increased urinary frequency, increased urinary urgency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Trospium : Overactive bladder – only adults (18 years old or older)
Vibegron : Overactive bladder – only adults (18 years old or older)
Instillation of dilating eye drops to eye
Phenylephrine : Induce mydriasis – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Interbody fusion of lumbar spine by anterior approach
Dibotermin alfa : Single-level lumbar interbody spine fusion – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Intermittent claudication
Cilostazol : Intermittent claudication – only adults (18 years old or older)
Naftidrofuryl : Peripheral vascular disorders – only adults (18 years old or older)
Pentoxifylline : Peripheral vascular disease, intermittent claudication, rest pain – only adults (18 years old or older)
Intertrigo
Hydrocortisone : Prurigo nodularis, neurodermatoses, otitis externa, intertrigo, napkin rash – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intestinal nematode infection
Mebendazole : Whipworm, pinworm, threadworm, roundworm, common hookworm, American hookworm – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intestinal spasm
Butylscopolamine : Spasm, endoscopy of the genito-urinary tract or gastro- intestinal tract, Irritable Bowel Syndrome – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Butylscopolamine : Spasm, endoscopy of the genito-urinary tract or gastro- intestinal tract, Irritable Bowel Syndrome – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intestinal strongyloidiasis
Ivermectin : Gastrointestinal strongyloidiasis (anguillulosis) – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography
Iodixanol : Selective visceral arteriography, intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography – only adults (18 years old or older)
Iopromide : Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Intracranial tumour
Lomustine : Brain tumours (primary or metastatic) – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intractable epilepsy
Vigabatrin : Resistant partial epilepsy (focal onset seizures) – only adults (18 years old or older)
Vigabatrin : Resistant partial epilepsy (focal onset seizures) – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old)
Intraoperative miosis
Flurbiprofen : Inhibition of intraoperative miosis, post-operative trabeculoplasty inflammation in the anterior segment of the eye – only adults (18 years old or older)
Intravenous digital subtraction angiography
Iopromide : Intravenous digital subtraction angiography – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Intravenous pyelogram
Iodixanol : Intravenous pyelogram – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iopromide : Intravenous pyelogram – only newborns (0 - 40 days old)
Iopromide : Intravenous pyelogram – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iopromide : Intravenous pyelogram – only infants (40 days - 1 year old)
Iopromide : Intravenous pyelogram – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Intravenous sedation
Rocuronium : Facilitation of tracheal intubation to general anaesthesia – only minors (0 - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Intubation
Rocuronium : Facilitation of tracheal intubation during rapid sequence induction, adjunct in the intensive care unit (ICU) – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Intubation of respiratory tract
Cisatracurium : Tracheal Intubation – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Rocuronium : Facilitation of tracheal intubation to general anaesthesia – only minors (0 - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Invasive aspergillosis
Caspofungin : Invasive aspergillosis – only infants (40 days - 1 year old) , children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Caspofungin : Invasive aspergillosis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Isavuconazole : Invasive aspergillosis, mucormycosis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Voriconazole : Invasive aspergillosis – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
IOL - Induction of labour
Dinoprostone : Induction of labour – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Oxytocin : Induction of labour – women, only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Iridocyclitis
Methylprednisolone : Iridocyclitis – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iritis
Atropine : Iritis, uveitis – only adults (18 years old or older)
Atropine : Iritis, uveitis – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Methylprednisolone : Iritis – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iron deficiency
Ferric carboxymaltose : Iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferric maltol : Iron deficiency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous gluconate : Iron deficiency – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous gluconate : Iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous gluconate : Prophylaxis of iron deficiency – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous gluconate : Prophylaxis of iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous glycine sulfate : Iron deficiency – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous glycine sulfate : Iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous sulfate : Iron-deficiency anaemia – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iron sucrose : Iron deficiency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Iron deficiency anemia
Ferric carboxymaltose : Iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferric maltol : Iron deficiency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous gluconate : Iron deficiency – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous gluconate : Iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous gluconate : Prophylaxis of iron deficiency – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous gluconate : Prophylaxis of iron deficiency – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Ferrous sulfate : Iron-deficiency anaemia – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Ferrous sulfate : Iron-deficiency anaemia – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Iron sucrose : Iron deficiency – only adults (18 years old or older)
Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea
Eluxadoline : Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D) – only adults (18 years old or older)
Loperamide : Diarrhoea associated with irritable bowel syndrome – only adults (18 years old or older)
Irritable colon
Atropine : Irritable bowel syndrome – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Butylscopolamine : Spasm, endoscopy of the genito-urinary tract or gastro- intestinal tract, Irritable Bowel Syndrome – only children (1 year - 12 years old)
Butylscopolamine : Spasm, endoscopy of the genito-urinary tract or gastro- intestinal tract, Irritable Bowel Syndrome – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Mebeverine : Irritable bowel syndrome – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 years old or older)
Trimebutine : Irritable bowel syndrome – only adults (18 years old or older)
Ischemic stroke
Alteplase : Acute ischaemic stroke – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Clopidogrel : Ischaemic stroke – only adults (18 years old or older)
Itching
Mequitazine : Hay fever, perennial rhinitis, urticaria, allergic pruritis, insect bites, stings – only adolescents (12 years - 18 years old) , adults (18 - 65 years old)
Itching of skin
Hydroxyzine : Pruritus – only children (1 year - 12 years old) , adolescents (12 years - 18 years old)
Hydroxyzine : Pruritus – only adults (18 - 65 years old)
Hydroxyzine : Pruritus – only elderly (65 years old or older)

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